The article presents a literature review of biological features, zootechnical characteristics of content and breeding, as well as models of pathologies most frequently reproduced in the Mongolian gerbils. Mongolian gerbil belongs to the genus Rodentia and is the representative of the family Cridetidae. At the moment, about 100 gerbil species of various sizes and colors have been studied and described. Gerbils are the inhabitants of desert and semi-desert landscapes, they are well adapted to life in conditions. In this species of animal there is a Garder’s gland located in the inner corner of the eye’s orbit, which plays a role in the thermoregulation of the organism. In conditions of high humidity, gerbils often get sick and are affected by ectoparasites. It is necessary to avoid keeping gerbils in the same room with rodents using water for drinking. Some species are easily tolerated with a decrease in temperature and up to small negative values, provided that the room is dry, there are no drafts, while the animals have enough calories and there are wooden houses and material for the device nests. Gerbils are normal animals, and the construction of nests from any suitable material is the norm for this species of animals, regardless of the reproductive cycle. To implement the normal reflex and motor activity of the bottom of the cells, the content of gerbils should be high and contain a nesting material from 15 to 20 cm. In vivarium conditions, it is necessary to create appropriate laboratory studies, in accordance with their physiological characteristics.
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