Although animal pain models may be highly sensitive to small changes in animal care, all relevant details are usually not reported in research papers, potentially resulting in increased inter-laboratory variability.
The ethical concept of biocentrism of the late twentieth century formed a special algorithm for a humane approach to animals in the scientific world, overcoming the desire of scientists to implement scientific and technological progress by any means and methods, and f
Adverse environmental conditions can lead to animal stress. That, in turn, might trigger inaccurate study results. Creature of enabling environment therefore is essential to perform every preclinical study.
Post-mortem examination of animals (necropsy, autopsy) is a diagnostic procedure aimed at finding out the cause of death of an animal, as well as determining the spectrum of macroscopically visible changes in organs and tissues of cadaver.
In recent years, due to the development of agriculture and the increase in the number of pet owners, there is a rapid development of veterinary medicine not only in the Russian Federation, but throughout the world.
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