The article shows the differences in the interpretation of the concepts of biological and medical waste by different regulatory documents. Possible options for the management of biological waste from experimental vivariums within the framework of regulatory acts in the field of ensuring sanitary and epidemiological well-being are considered.
An important stage of the waste management algorithm is the sorting stage, which determines the future fate of the waste and can affect the safety of people and the environment. The heterogeneous composition of biological wastes from experimental vivariums does not allow a clear distinction to be made between biological and medical wastes. For medical waste, there is SanPiN 184.108.40.20690-10 “Sanitary and epidemiological requirements for the treatment of medical waste”, for biological waste Veterinary and sanitary rules for the collection, disposal and destruction of biological waste No. 13-7-2 / 469. The legislation of the Russian Federation does not clearly define the belonging of all waste from experimental vivariums to any waste group.
Due to the complexity of differentiating biological and medical wastes, mistakes can be made not only at the sorting stage, but also at the stages of disinfection, temporary storage, transportation and disposal. Different waste groups require different approaches to handling them.
Thus, the waste management process is a time-consuming stage-by-stage process that requires the correct implementation of regulatory requirements. Mistakes at different stages can become a threat to human health and the environment.
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