Zootechnical Characteristics Of Gerbils Keeping In Experimental Vivarium

A. Rybakova, Candidate of Veterinary Sciences, Deputy Director for Veterinary Medicine M. Makarova, Professor, Director JSC «Research-and-manufacturing company «Houm оf Pharmacy», 188663, Russia, Leningradskiy region, Vsevolozhskiy district, Kuzmolovskiy, st. Zavodskaya, 3. b. 245

Abstract

The article presents a literature review of biological features, zootechnical characteristics of content and breeding, as well as models of pathologies most frequently reproduced in the Mongolian gerbils. Mongolian gerbil belongs to the genus Rodentia and is the representative of the family Cridetidae. At the moment, about 100 gerbil species of various sizes and colors have been studied and described. Gerbils are the inhabitants of desert and semi-desert landscapes, they are well adapted to life in conditions. In this species of animal there is a Garder’s gland located in the inner corner of the eye’s orbit, which plays a role in the thermoregulation of the organism. In conditions of high humidity, gerbils often get sick and are affected by ectoparasites. It is necessary to avoid keeping gerbils in the same room with rodents using water for drinking. Some species are easily tolerated with a decrease in temperature and up to small negative values, provided that the room is dry, there are no drafts, while the animals have enough calories and there are wooden houses and material for the device nests. Gerbils are normal animals, and the construction of nests from any suitable material is the norm for this species of animals, regardless of the reproductive cycle. To implement the normal reflex and motor activity of the bottom of the cells, the content of gerbils should be high and contain a nesting material from 15 to 20 cm. In vivarium conditions, it is necessary to create appropriate laboratory studies, in accordance with their physiological characteristics.

References

  1. Makarova A.R. O vliyanii osveshheniya na gazoobmen u nekotoryh mlekopitayushhih. Opyt izucheniya regulyacii fiziologicheskih funkciy v estestvennyh usloviyah sushhestvovaniya organizmov. 1953; T. 2.
  2. Makarova M.N. Harakteristika mikroflory kishechnika u cheloveka i laboratornyh zhivotnyh. M.N. Makarova, K.L. Kryshen`, A.A. Alyakrinskaya, A.V. Rybakova, V.G. Makarov. Mezhdunarodnyy vestnik veterinarii, 2016, 4: 86–94.
  3. Popov S.V., Il`chenko O.G. Vozmozhnost` izmeneniya ritmov aktivnosti peschanok pri laboratornom soderzhanii. Problemy domestikacii zhivotnyh, M.,1989: 178–81.
  4. Smirnov P.K. Opyt mnogoletnego soderzhaniya i razvedeniya poludennoy peschanki dlya e`ksperimental`nyh celey. E`kol. i med. znachenie peschanok fauny SSSR. M., 1977: 174–6.
  5. Chernomordikov V.V. Osveshhennost` kak e`kologicheskiy faktor. Fiziologicheskie osnovy slozhnyh form povedeniya. M.-L.: izd-vo AN SSSR, 1963: 85–6.
  6. Shheglova A.I. Fiziologicheskie prisposobleniya mlekopitayushhih pustyni. L.: Nauka, 1976: 1–150.
  7. Field J., Sibold A.L. The Laboratory hamster and gerbil. CRC Press. 999: 149.
  8. Keeble E., Meredith A. BSAVA Manual of Rodents and Ferrets. BSAVA. 2013: 392.
  9. Kumar S.S., Wen X., Yang Y. GABAA receptor-mediated IPSCs and alpha1 subunit expression are not reduced in the substantia nigra pars reticulata of gerbils with inherited epilepsy. J. Neurophysiol. 2006. –Vol. 95: 2446–55

You may be interested